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HOW TO FIX CLOGGED DRAINAGE

By | Construction, DIY, Facility Management, Furnitures, Carpentry & Interiors, Homes & Buildings, Maintenance & Cleaning, Recycling, Renovation, Safety | No Comments

Clogged drains are a simple fact of life. At some point, you’re likely to find yourself searching the internet to find out how to fix a clogged drains. When your sink or shower suddenly stops draining, your first instinct might be to call a plumber to unclog a drain pipe, but the solution to clogged drains is often a quick and fairly cheap process that most people can manage on their own. If you want to save some money on plumbing, here’s some advice for dealing with sink clogs or a clogged bathtub drain. These easy tips can get your clogged shower drain, clogged bathroom sink, or other clogged drains working like new again.

1. Baking Soda and Vinegar

Mix 1/3rd of a cup of baking soda with 1/3rd of a cup of vinegar in a measuring cup. It will fizz immediately, and you should waste no time pouring it down the clogged drain. The fizzing action will help to remove the gunk, hair, and grime that has built up in the pipe. Let it sit for one hour or even overnight if you can. Flush with hot water. Alternatively, get as much of the dry baking soda as you can down the drain first, then pour on the vinegar.

2. Boiling water

First, remove as much standing water from the sink as possible (using a cup or container). Next, pour an entire pot or kettle of boiling water directly into the drain. You might have to repeat this procedure several times for it to work, but it’s an easy and inexpensive fix. If that’s not working, remove the standing water again, and then pour salt down the drain before the boiling water. Let it sit, and then flush again with hot water to clear.

 

3. The Wet & Dry Vacuum

If you have a wet & dry shop vacuum, it can become a terrific tool to unclog drains. First, set it to vacuum liquids. Cover up the vent to prevent a mess. Then, create the tightest seal you can over the drain. You may want to get creative and adapt an old plunger head for this purpose. With the vacuum turned on its highest setting, it can be powerful enough to draw the clog up the pipe and into the vacuum bag. It doesn’t always work, but it’s worth a shot.

 

4. Caustic Soda

Get some rubber gloves and eye protection. Caustic soda (also known as Sodium Hydroxide) can cause nasty chemical burns. You can pick some up from your local hardware store, but always use caution handling it. Pour 3/4 gallon of cold water into a mop bucket, and then add 3 cups of caustic soda. Stir it well with an old wooden spoon. It will begin to fizz and heat up. Pour it into the clogged drain and leave for 20-30 minutes, then flush the drain with boiling water. Repeat if necessary.

DIY PROJECTS YOU SHOULD EMBARK ON

By | Construction, DIY, Facility Management, Furnitures, Carpentry & Interiors, gardening, Homes & Buildings, Maintenance & Cleaning, office, real estate, Renovation | No Comments

Apart from the fact that DIY projects helps to save money, they are also fun to embark on and helps to keep you fit. Instead of road walking or spending money and time at the gym, those resources can be converted into productive things like DIY projects. By doing so, you are killing many birds with one stone. They are also a good way to learn. Before you embark on these projects, you tend to do some research to ensure they are carried out properly, and there is nothing better than learning practically.

Hence we’ve highlighted some DIY projects you can easily embark on, that tick all these boxes.

1. Brick projects: If you’ve been looking for things to do with that pile of old bricks, look no further, we’ve got a collection for you. Whether you’ve got a handful of bricks or an entire house worth, there is a great DIY project just waiting to put them to use from landscape projects like garden paths, walkways, patios and paving stones to garden benches, flower vases, grill stands and garden waterfalls. These projects would bring out the beauty in your space and tick your many birds with one stone box.

2.Wooden projects: Woodworking is the skill that allows you to work on various wooden projects, such as doors and tables. Particularly, this is one of those skills that you are not born with, but can be learnt with practice. Anyone, who is passionate enough, can easily learn woodworking. These projects below are ideal for both novice and experienced woodworkers.

Wooden Boat Swing Set
Small Oak Table
DIY Floating Shelves
Wood Pallet Wine Rack
Wooden Sofa Sleeve with Cup Holder
Zig Zag Corner Wall Wooden Selves
Rustic Wall Rack
Wooden Doormat
Whiskey Barrel Coffee Table
Turning an Old Dresser into a New Bench
Candle Holders
Woodworker’s Workbench

CEILING DESIGNS TO CHOOSE FROM

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Ceilings undoubtedly create an effect on the interior of a home, besides being an integral structure to interior design just like the walls, the floors, the furniture and fixtures in a room, The ceiling forms one of the most important structural elements in terms of functionality as well as creativity which in turn brings good aesthetics to the building’s interior.

There are ceilings that are simple, flat and barely gets noticed, but there are some that are distinctively attractive and decorative, which can really grab our attention.

1. Conventional ceiling: This is the type commonly seen in homes. It’s the standard style typically 8 feet high to fit with standard construction material sizes. It has a simple flat surface with an accessible height. The conventional ceiling is easy to decorate, but there is nothing so special about them. If you want to make a room look larger with a conventional type of ceiling, be ready for an additional significant cost since it will need non-standard construction materials to do so.

2. Suspended ceiling: Suspended ceilings are secondary ceilings suspended from the structural floor slab above, creating a void between the underside of the floor slab and the top of the suspended ceiling. The gap between a suspended ceiling and the structural floor slab above is often between 3 to 8 inches which is why they are often referred to as dropped ceilings or false ceilings.

Suspended ceilings are very popular in commercial properties as they provide a useful space for concealing unsightly wires and installations that otherwise would alter the interior appearance of the building.

3. Tray ceiling: A tray also called an inverted or recessed ceiling resembles a large upside-down tray set into a ceiling. The center section is situated several inches or feet higher than the perimeter, drawing the eye upward, adding visual interest, and creating a three-dimensional effect.

4. Coffered ceiling: A coffered ceiling is a pattern of indentations or recesses in an overhead surface. In architecture, a “coffer” is a sunken panel in a ceiling, including the interior surfaces of domes and vaults. If a surface is “coffered,” it is not smooth. The architectural detail has been popular since Renaissance architects imitated Classical Roman techniques. Modernist architects often play with the depth and shape of the coffer.

5. Cathedral ceiling: This is the design that was most popular with cathedrals so the sense just evolved to describe a style particular to a certain type of building. Cathedral ceilings are now widely used in architecture and not just when building cathedrals but all sorts of other structures too, including residences. We’re ready to show you some amazing projects that revolve around this particular element.

6. Coved ceiling: A coved ceiling is a ceiling that has had the visual appearance of the point where the ceiling meets the walls improved by the addition of coving. It can also refer to an arched-dome ceiling, like in a mosque.

3 Common roof problems in Nigeria

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Unforeseen, roof problems are always a pain and undoubtedly a significant expense. We ran a survey on which problems are most common and the conditions that can prompt premature failure and reduced service life of roof systems. Listed below are 3 roofing problems most often battled by building owners and facilities professionals.

Clogged gutters: The life of your gutters can be significantly reduced if you do not clean them at least once per season. Not to mention that if dirt, leaves and other debris become too heavy when collected in your gutters, they may fall and damage the entire property. They can be a nesting place for insects if they are too filthy and can also be a fire hazard during harsh weather conditions. Think about all these dangers next time you want to save from professional gutter cleaning service. Is it really worth it?

Roof leaks and moisture: Leaks can result when single-ply membrane roofs are installed with poor seams. “You’ve got to have good seams with single-ply, because if you don’t, you don’t have much. The membranes themselves will hold water. You’ve got to have the seams either glued or heat-welded properly

Wind: The vacuum and the uplifting pressure created by wind, blowing over the edge of the roof, can partially rip the roofing membrane or system that has been applied. The roofing and insulation must be fastened and secured to the perimeter and to the main roof structure to counteract the forces that are being exerted on the roof.

Wallpaper vs Paint

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The colours and textures we choose for our walls are one of the most important aspects of our home décor – the choices you
make and colour scheme has the power to transform the outlook and ambience of your home but you have to decide which works
better for you. Wallpaper or paint?

Would you prefer a living room and bedroom with great wallpapers or would you rather opt for a paint job that blends with
your favourite colour? Before you make a decision between wallpaper and paint, it is important to understand the pros and
cons of both options. The details will cover ease of application, cost, versatility and other factors which will be
highlighted below. The essence of this is to put you in a position where you are able to make more informed choices.

 

PAINT

paint has always been a classy option, and generally the easiest to implement. Painting can be done by nearly anyone, the
fact that it is easy to change, and can be quite inexpensive is what leads many clients to prefer paint as their main wall
finish. Especially they have children, they’re likely to change up the bedroom wall colors or have some damage to the walls.

On the other hand, paint can also be a hefty task to manage. If you’re working with dark colours, you need to be strategic
about how the paint is applied. By that we mean, your dark red wall is going to be a big project if you want to switch to a
lighter color in the future! Plus, paint can be easily scratched and chipped. It can be fixed, but matching the shade
perfectly can be challenging – even for the most experienced interior decorator.

Wallpaper

Although wallpaper has been a mainstay in home décor throughout the years, its popularity has declined in recent decades. The reason wallpaper has staying power is because it literally has staying power! Wallpaper can last decades, which is great news for mature clients who won’t want to change their décor anytime soon. You also too many option when it comes to selection of patterns that bring life into a room – and you can find great deals if you keep an eye out!

But still, there are a lot of more drawbacks to wallpaper. First of all, wallpaper needs to be applied professionally or it will look terrible. Secondly, wallpaper is an absolute menace to remove from the wall. Yes, there are chemicals that make removal a lot easier – but do you really want to fill your home with toxic chemicals?

Also, wallpaper has more potential to damage the wall or become damaged itself. From chipping to peeling, there are a number of things that can go wrong with wallpaper over the years. Your best bet is to use wallpaper to create smaller accent walls, rather than committing to a whole room.

5 ways to maximize space in your homes

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Not everybody can afford big houses, sometimes even people with big houses do not know how to manage their space. Thereby ending up with choked up apartments. We all seek the need for maximizing space to make our homes feel spacious and welcoming. These tips will help you take advantage of all the space you have available.

Get Rid of Stuff

The first step in creating more storage space in your home is to get rid of the things that you’re not using. The best way to maximize your space is to learn how to declutter. Regularly decluttering is a key step in maximizing storage spaces. The best way to declutter your home is to go room-by-room. And, if rooms are large, or complicated, you should start by breaking them up into zones. Work quickly and decides which items to toss and which to keep.

For the items you’re getting rid of, there are several good options other than just trashing them; consider donation or auction.

Use Furniture that Doubles as Storage Space

If you decide to purchase any extra furniture, make sure you buy furniture that comes with built in storage space. One example is an ottoman. There are a variety available that come with a hollow inside and a removable top. This allows you to fill it with other belongings! Another good example is a coffee table with built in shelves and wall cabinets.

Utilize Space Under the Bed

There’s plenty of storage space available under the bed! You can maximize this space and keep things organized by storing them in boxes or bags. This will also help protect your belongings from dust. Buying bed risers will boost the legs of the bed to give you a little more height. If you want to hide the items under the bed from view, consider adding a bed skirt.

Reduce the number of Furniture

No doubt they add beauty to our living rooms, but 95% of times not all of them are in use. You should consider letting some of them go to create more room.

Utilize Space Under Stairs

If you have a staircase is your home, you need to make good use of the space undeneath the stairs. Shelves and cabinets can be installed for storing books and other items. The space under the stairs can also be converted to a small home office.

Roof Leakage? Quick Solutions to (DIY)

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There’s no good time for your roof to begin leaking or have other issues, but there are also definitely times when it is worse than others. If your roof begins to leak during public holiday or another time when your roof handyman can’t come out, booked or you need time to get the money together to fix the roof, sometimes an emergency roof repair is needed.These temporary repairs are designed to help get you through a short period of time with minimal water damage to your home while you wait for a new roof.

Find the Leak

The challenge with many smaller roof leaks is determining exactly where water is seeping in. The drip, or the indicators of a drip (e.g., water stains, mold, rotting wood), may be evident in one location but is actually dribbling from another part of the roof. Without obvious external signs, such as missing or damaged shingles, this can be a challenge. Likely, you need to inspect your attic for the source of the leak and any path water might be taking before it finally drips. If necessary, pull back insulation to get a better look. Another strategy is use a garden hose to spray water on the affected areas of the roof, including any vents and flashing. With some patience, you should be able to pinpoint the leak.

Cover the Leak with Tarp

Once you find the source of the leak, with the help of plastic tarp you can make a very quick temporary roof leak repair.Stretch the tarp out over the area that leaking, cover the hole from slightly below the leak. To do this, secure the tarp by tying it down or using a strong duct tape, making sure the tarp extends over the ridge of the roof or drive nails into the edges to hold it tightly. While this isn’t the most attractive roof repair, it can help keep out the rain long enough to call a handyman in to do the actual repair

Roof Shingles

If the leak in your roof is due to cracked, damaged or removed shingles, one of the best ways to block water flow until repair help arrives is to make temporary shingles.A Sheet metal is the best choice the job. Just trim the metal down to the size and shape of a shingle and slide the back edge underneath the row of shingles above, making sure the bottom edge lines up with the bottom edges of the shingles on either side. Nail it into place and coat the nail heads with roofing cement. This won’t be the prettiest looking patch in the world, but it can keep out the rain and help you roof make it until you can have it professionally repaired. The important thing is that, even if your DIY replacement doesn’t completely seal the hole, it will at least reduce water flow into your home.

Straighten Out Curled Shingles

If you discover that your shingles are curling and this is the source of the leak, you can straighten and flatten them back out to repair the leak. Keep in mind that shingles may be curling because they’ve reached the end of their lifespan, and if this is the case this roof leak repair is temporary at best, and you will need to call a professional in to assess the situation.

Gently flatten out the curling shingles and apply a little roofing cement to the undersides of the edges. Then just press them back down into place. This should help keep the water out while you await the handyman.

Use Roofing Tape

Roofing tape, available at any home improvement retailer and many hardware stores, is applied to the inside of the roof decking to prevent, or at least limit, water flow into your home. Not only is this one of the quickest ways to temporarily stop a roofing leak, but so long as you have a ladder or something to stand on, roofing tape can be applied from inside your attic or the top floor of your home. This makes it far easier than other temporary fixes such as tarp or garbage bags, which usually have to be secured from the top.

5 Things to consider when creating the ideal, functional home office

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Whether your home office is a space for running a business, a study room, or simply a nook for paying bills and organizing your schedule, you deserve more than a wooden desk and extra chair stuffed into a spare corner. Here are some tips for creating a charming, practical work space.

1. Location, location, location

You’ll likely spend many hours in your home office, so don’t stiff yourself on space. For example, squishing a tiny desk into a windowless closet to preserve the rarely-used guest room. Also consider traffic flow and your ability to withstand distractions. When planning your office area, ensure that it affords a degree of privacy from surrounding activities.

2. Consider Your Budget

It can be fun to decorate a home office, but you don’t want to waste money on unneeded items. While you don’t want to sacrifice your comfort (i.e., you should buy a good chair), you do want to be frugal, at least in the beginning. Take inventory of your home and see what items you already have that can be moved to your home office. It includes your tech needs as well. Hold off on buying new computers, printers, and software unless you need it. If you need new furniture, check out your local thrift shops, which often have durable furniture for less than you can get make-yourself-particle board items at other stores.

3. Lighting

In foreign countries many people put their home office in a basement, which isn’t bad, but there are many benefits to natural lighting. If you have to be in a dark area without windows, get good quality lighting that not only lights the room but your work area as well. Light can help you avoid eye strain, and boost your mood.

4. Ergonomics

Your health, safety and welfare are critical. Therefore, the items you choose should be ergonomically designed to promote your health and well-being while using them. The chair is one of the most crucial items in your office. It needs to provide adequate support for your lower back, support your arms at the proper height, swivel and roll and  have a comfortable seat cushion with breathable fabric.

5. Keep Needed Resources Within Reach

While getting up and moving is a good thing health wise, it can interrupt your focus and workflow. Thereby slowing you down. For items that you use a lot, you’ll want to design your home office in a way that you can access them easily and quickly.

Construction Trends In 2019

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The construction industry has been under a significant paradigm shift. When we look back throughout this industry’s history we notice some great advancements have taken place. In 2019 there’s no reason we shouldn’t expect more of the same to occur. In fact, here are some of the most noteworthy trends experts believe you should expect to see in the construction industry this year.

Augmented reality

Construction World says that although virtual reality has been an emerging trend over the past few years, it’s quickly growing outdated – especially when compared to augmented reality’s uses and benefits. This is the ability to visualize the real world through a camera lens. It’s something that’s bound to open many new opportunities for the construction industry even though it’ll come with a cost. For those companies who can afford to start using it now, it’ll revolutionize how they project and build things. This is a trend that will grow much bigger in the next few years.

Construction software and data ecosystem

Real-time collaboration software is already regarded as an essential component of the entire building process. Nevertheless, its impact on the sector is expected to increase substantially in the near future. It goes without saying that data has played an integral role in this paradigm shift in construction.

The emergence of a data ecosystem where all the innovative players of the industry will come together and share data, experience and project knowledge is closer than we might think. And it is no exaggeration to maintain that it’s the only way forward for construction.

A plethora of software solutions for different functions and disciplines in the course of a construction project can now effortlessly be combined in one place.

Building Information Modelling will continue growing
Similar to last year, BIM is again one of the hottest construction technology trends. It comes as no surprise if we take into account that the emergence of an open and highly collaborative data ecosystem is on the way.

BIM technology could be the catalyst for a fundamental change in how we manage, design and develop a construction project. There are many different levels of programming enabled through BIM. 4D and 5D BIM are two very representative examples in that direction.

Self healing concrete
Many of the industry’s experts believe we’ll start seeing self-healing concrete being used on roads, buildings, and homes. Since concrete is the most widely produced and consumed material in the construction industry (being used to create buildings, roads, and bridges) many believe that by 2030 we’ll be using about 5 billion metric tons per year. Part of this is due to the urban boom that’s being experienced in China and India today. Currently, the United States already makes up 8% of the total global emissions in this area – a number that’s also slated to rise.

Drones
Many construction sites are already heavily dependent on the use of drones. These drones are very beneficial in that they save a lot of time. For instance, surveyors can survey an entire site in just a few minutes, whereas in the past it’d take them several weeks or months. Obviously, this will also save construction companies a lot of money. As drone technology continues rapidly developing in its accuracy and precision of its readings, even less human involvement will be necessary. In the past, many companies were hesitant to use drones because they still needed a controller.  Today as the technology grows much more efficient, more construction companies are willingly and openly embracing this technology.

Robotics
JB Knowledge says robotics is something that shouldn’t be overlooked. Industries like healthcare are already investing a lot of money in them. As these robots grow even more precise and accurate, they’ll become a commanding force in the construction industry.

Advanced uses for GPS
Construction World says while GPS tracking solutions aren’t anything new, they’re now being used in more creative and resourceful ways including:

Surveying has been dramatically improved because crews no longer need to use traditional surveying equipment.
Data for prospective project sites can be quickly and accurately collected.
Project managers are also using GPS in fleet management. Today, each of their vehicles is equipped with a device that is trackable via both computer and smartphones. This lets everyone know where vehicles always are.
It’s easier to find lost or stolen equipment because managers can now generate maps that pinpoint the exact location of any of these items.

Things to consider before Embarking on a construction project

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There’s a strong temptation to dive right into construction projects. The sooner you start, the sooner you’ll be done,
right? Unfortunately, it doesn’t work that way if you haven’t done some essential planning up front. Each design
professional and contractor runs his or her business in a different way, but homeowners usually need to follow the same steps to get to the construction phase.

Here we have outlined some crucial steps to help you plan for a successful construction project, and the reasons they’re so important for any project

1. Identify the Type of Construction Project: Different projects have different procedures that need to be followed. It is precisely for this reason that you need to clearly highlight the kind of project you are dealing with in order for you to determine other essential requirements.

2. Getting necessary permits before starting a building project:The importance of getting approval from all necessary bodies can not be under estimated. A lot of projects have been stopped halfway because the owners didn’t get the necessary approval before embarking on the project. It is important to ensure you do not overlook this when planning your construction project.

3. Choose the Right Materials: You have to make a solid decision on the type of materials to use for your project. It is recommended that you choose to work with high quality materials regardless of the size of project. This is important for the simple reason that it ensures you don’t have to deal with repairs and other related costs in the near future.

4. Decide Whether or Not You Need a Contractor: A majority of people handling construction projects choose to work with contractors and for obvious reasons. For starters, contractors understand all the requirements that need to be followed in order to complete the project and their expertise tends to ensure faster work. What’s more, they can offer solid advice on how to go about the entire project. As such, be careful to make an informed decision on whether a contractor is a smart choice for you or not. However, before you hire a contractor, it is essential for you to ensure that they are reputable and they have what it takes to complete the project to perfection.

5. Budget: Whether you are dealing with a small or large project, it is essential for you to have a solid budget in place. This means calculating the cost of materials, the amount to be paid to contractors and any additional costs that might be incurred. It is essential to note that while working with a contractor, it is considerably easier for you to come up with a solid budget that matches up to the needs of project due to the experience they have in making estimates.

6. Set a Timeline: For the purpose of ensuring that the project is completed in time, it is essential for you to give
yourself a timeline. This will allow for you to decide on how long it will take to complete the project and reduces the
potential for unexpected delays. By knowing when the project can be completed, you help ensure that you stay within budget and also set limits for the contractors.

With proper planning, you are much more likely to start a construction project and have it successfully completed in time.