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HOW TO FIX CLOGGED DRAINAGE

By | Construction, DIY, Facility Management, Furnitures, Carpentry & Interiors, Homes & Buildings, Maintenance & Cleaning, Recycling, Renovation, Safety | No Comments

Clogged drains are a simple fact of life. At some point, you’re likely to find yourself searching the internet to find out how to fix a clogged drains. When your sink or shower suddenly stops draining, your first instinct might be to call a plumber to unclog a drain pipe, but the solution to clogged drains is often a quick and fairly cheap process that most people can manage on their own. If you want to save some money on plumbing, here’s some advice for dealing with sink clogs or a clogged bathtub drain. These easy tips can get your clogged shower drain, clogged bathroom sink, or other clogged drains working like new again.

1. Baking Soda and Vinegar

Mix 1/3rd of a cup of baking soda with 1/3rd of a cup of vinegar in a measuring cup. It will fizz immediately, and you should waste no time pouring it down the clogged drain. The fizzing action will help to remove the gunk, hair, and grime that has built up in the pipe. Let it sit for one hour or even overnight if you can. Flush with hot water. Alternatively, get as much of the dry baking soda as you can down the drain first, then pour on the vinegar.

2. Boiling water

First, remove as much standing water from the sink as possible (using a cup or container). Next, pour an entire pot or kettle of boiling water directly into the drain. You might have to repeat this procedure several times for it to work, but it’s an easy and inexpensive fix. If that’s not working, remove the standing water again, and then pour salt down the drain before the boiling water. Let it sit, and then flush again with hot water to clear.

 

3. The Wet & Dry Vacuum

If you have a wet & dry shop vacuum, it can become a terrific tool to unclog drains. First, set it to vacuum liquids. Cover up the vent to prevent a mess. Then, create the tightest seal you can over the drain. You may want to get creative and adapt an old plunger head for this purpose. With the vacuum turned on its highest setting, it can be powerful enough to draw the clog up the pipe and into the vacuum bag. It doesn’t always work, but it’s worth a shot.

 

4. Caustic Soda

Get some rubber gloves and eye protection. Caustic soda (also known as Sodium Hydroxide) can cause nasty chemical burns. You can pick some up from your local hardware store, but always use caution handling it. Pour 3/4 gallon of cold water into a mop bucket, and then add 3 cups of caustic soda. Stir it well with an old wooden spoon. It will begin to fizz and heat up. Pour it into the clogged drain and leave for 20-30 minutes, then flush the drain with boiling water. Repeat if necessary.

DIY PROJECTS YOU SHOULD EMBARK ON

By | Construction, DIY, Facility Management, Furnitures, Carpentry & Interiors, gardening, Homes & Buildings, Maintenance & Cleaning, office, real estate, Renovation | No Comments

Apart from the fact that DIY projects helps to save money, they are also fun to embark on and helps to keep you fit. Instead of road walking or spending money and time at the gym, those resources can be converted into productive things like DIY projects. By doing so, you are killing many birds with one stone. They are also a good way to learn. Before you embark on these projects, you tend to do some research to ensure they are carried out properly, and there is nothing better than learning practically.

Hence we’ve highlighted some DIY projects you can easily embark on, that tick all these boxes.

1. Brick projects: If you’ve been looking for things to do with that pile of old bricks, look no further, we’ve got a collection for you. Whether you’ve got a handful of bricks or an entire house worth, there is a great DIY project just waiting to put them to use from landscape projects like garden paths, walkways, patios and paving stones to garden benches, flower vases, grill stands and garden waterfalls. These projects would bring out the beauty in your space and tick your many birds with one stone box.

2.Wooden projects: Woodworking is the skill that allows you to work on various wooden projects, such as doors and tables. Particularly, this is one of those skills that you are not born with, but can be learnt with practice. Anyone, who is passionate enough, can easily learn woodworking. These projects below are ideal for both novice and experienced woodworkers.

Wooden Boat Swing Set
Small Oak Table
DIY Floating Shelves
Wood Pallet Wine Rack
Wooden Sofa Sleeve with Cup Holder
Zig Zag Corner Wall Wooden Selves
Rustic Wall Rack
Wooden Doormat
Whiskey Barrel Coffee Table
Turning an Old Dresser into a New Bench
Candle Holders
Woodworker’s Workbench

CEILING DESIGNS TO CHOOSE FROM

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Ceilings undoubtedly create an effect on the interior of a home, besides being an integral structure to interior design just like the walls, the floors, the furniture and fixtures in a room, The ceiling forms one of the most important structural elements in terms of functionality as well as creativity which in turn brings good aesthetics to the building’s interior.

There are ceilings that are simple, flat and barely gets noticed, but there are some that are distinctively attractive and decorative, which can really grab our attention.

1. Conventional ceiling: This is the type commonly seen in homes. It’s the standard style typically 8 feet high to fit with standard construction material sizes. It has a simple flat surface with an accessible height. The conventional ceiling is easy to decorate, but there is nothing so special about them. If you want to make a room look larger with a conventional type of ceiling, be ready for an additional significant cost since it will need non-standard construction materials to do so.

2. Suspended ceiling: Suspended ceilings are secondary ceilings suspended from the structural floor slab above, creating a void between the underside of the floor slab and the top of the suspended ceiling. The gap between a suspended ceiling and the structural floor slab above is often between 3 to 8 inches which is why they are often referred to as dropped ceilings or false ceilings.

Suspended ceilings are very popular in commercial properties as they provide a useful space for concealing unsightly wires and installations that otherwise would alter the interior appearance of the building.

3. Tray ceiling: A tray also called an inverted or recessed ceiling resembles a large upside-down tray set into a ceiling. The center section is situated several inches or feet higher than the perimeter, drawing the eye upward, adding visual interest, and creating a three-dimensional effect.

4. Coffered ceiling: A coffered ceiling is a pattern of indentations or recesses in an overhead surface. In architecture, a “coffer” is a sunken panel in a ceiling, including the interior surfaces of domes and vaults. If a surface is “coffered,” it is not smooth. The architectural detail has been popular since Renaissance architects imitated Classical Roman techniques. Modernist architects often play with the depth and shape of the coffer.

5. Cathedral ceiling: This is the design that was most popular with cathedrals so the sense just evolved to describe a style particular to a certain type of building. Cathedral ceilings are now widely used in architecture and not just when building cathedrals but all sorts of other structures too, including residences. We’re ready to show you some amazing projects that revolve around this particular element.

6. Coved ceiling: A coved ceiling is a ceiling that has had the visual appearance of the point where the ceiling meets the walls improved by the addition of coving. It can also refer to an arched-dome ceiling, like in a mosque.

3 Common roof problems in Nigeria

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Unforeseen, roof problems are always a pain and undoubtedly a significant expense. We ran a survey on which problems are most common and the conditions that can prompt premature failure and reduced service life of roof systems. Listed below are 3 roofing problems most often battled by building owners and facilities professionals.

Clogged gutters: The life of your gutters can be significantly reduced if you do not clean them at least once per season. Not to mention that if dirt, leaves and other debris become too heavy when collected in your gutters, they may fall and damage the entire property. They can be a nesting place for insects if they are too filthy and can also be a fire hazard during harsh weather conditions. Think about all these dangers next time you want to save from professional gutter cleaning service. Is it really worth it?

Roof leaks and moisture: Leaks can result when single-ply membrane roofs are installed with poor seams. “You’ve got to have good seams with single-ply, because if you don’t, you don’t have much. The membranes themselves will hold water. You’ve got to have the seams either glued or heat-welded properly

Wind: The vacuum and the uplifting pressure created by wind, blowing over the edge of the roof, can partially rip the roofing membrane or system that has been applied. The roofing and insulation must be fastened and secured to the perimeter and to the main roof structure to counteract the forces that are being exerted on the roof.

Floor Designs (Epoxy)

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Epoxy is a term that’s come to represent a class of materials for floor designs and the act of using those materials. Epoxy “systems” are based on a combination of resins and hardeners. When mixed together, the resin and hardener chemically react to form a rigid plastic material. The final material is strong, durable, resistant, and bonds extremely well to most base layers. Epoxy floors are so strong that they’re often used in heavy traffic areas such as industrial environments, hospitals, or sports facilities.

Types of Epoxy Flooring

There are several different types of epoxy flooring that you can choose from. These include:
Self dispersing epoxy floors: This is a very strong floor and thus is used in areas of high traffic and heavy use.

Self dispersing epoxy floors with quartz sand: Same as a self dispersing epoxy floor but with excellent anti slip properties.

Self leveling epoxy floors: These floors are easy to clean and look after and they are very popular for use in kitchens, dining rooms, and so on.

Mortar epoxy floors: This is the strongest of all epoxy floors available. They are also good for repairing cracks before laying another type of epoxy floor.

Graveled epoxy floors: This the most decorative of all epoxy floors but it is also the most complicated floor to lay. These floors have good anti slip qualities.

Epoxy terrazzo floors: These are also very decorative epoxy floors and they are mainly used in large spaces.

Epoxy anti static floors: These are used in sensitive areas where there should be no static present in the environment at all.

Epoxy flaked floors: These floors are epoxy based but they actually have coloured chips or flakes laid within the floors for decoration. The flakes also provide a slightly rough surface that provides good anti slip qualities. The flakes come in different colours and can be mixed in the combination of your choice.

Epoxy Floor Coating Advantages

Epoxy floor coatings offer many advantages when compared to other traditional coatings applied over concrete:

1. Creates a shiny high-gloss surface that can significantly increase the brightness of interior areas

2. Offers a hard-wearing durable surface able to withstand heavy and continuous traffic

3. Quick and easy to install, requiring no layout, cutting additional adhesives, or special tools or equipment

4. Durable and easy to clean

5. Ideal for warehouses and industrial applications

6. Resists oil stains and water

7. Creates a seamless surface that can last many years

8. Can be combined with paints and colors to mask off chips and cracks

9. Provides a chemically resistant surface ideal for manufacturing plants

10. Offers enhanced safety when the surface contains anti-slip additives

11. Can be applied in different patterns to create visible driveways and/or identify walkable areas

12. Prevents wear and tear on existing concrete floors

13. May be compatible with self-leveling products that can be applied over new or old concrete, depending on the product

14. Requires little or no major maintenance

Wallpaper vs Paint

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The colours and textures we choose for our walls are one of the most important aspects of our home décor – the choices you
make and colour scheme has the power to transform the outlook and ambience of your home but you have to decide which works
better for you. Wallpaper or paint?

Would you prefer a living room and bedroom with great wallpapers or would you rather opt for a paint job that blends with
your favourite colour? Before you make a decision between wallpaper and paint, it is important to understand the pros and
cons of both options. The details will cover ease of application, cost, versatility and other factors which will be
highlighted below. The essence of this is to put you in a position where you are able to make more informed choices.

 

PAINT

paint has always been a classy option, and generally the easiest to implement. Painting can be done by nearly anyone, the
fact that it is easy to change, and can be quite inexpensive is what leads many clients to prefer paint as their main wall
finish. Especially they have children, they’re likely to change up the bedroom wall colors or have some damage to the walls.

On the other hand, paint can also be a hefty task to manage. If you’re working with dark colours, you need to be strategic
about how the paint is applied. By that we mean, your dark red wall is going to be a big project if you want to switch to a
lighter color in the future! Plus, paint can be easily scratched and chipped. It can be fixed, but matching the shade
perfectly can be challenging – even for the most experienced interior decorator.

Wallpaper

Although wallpaper has been a mainstay in home décor throughout the years, its popularity has declined in recent decades. The reason wallpaper has staying power is because it literally has staying power! Wallpaper can last decades, which is great news for mature clients who won’t want to change their décor anytime soon. You also too many option when it comes to selection of patterns that bring life into a room – and you can find great deals if you keep an eye out!

But still, there are a lot of more drawbacks to wallpaper. First of all, wallpaper needs to be applied professionally or it will look terrible. Secondly, wallpaper is an absolute menace to remove from the wall. Yes, there are chemicals that make removal a lot easier – but do you really want to fill your home with toxic chemicals?

Also, wallpaper has more potential to damage the wall or become damaged itself. From chipping to peeling, there are a number of things that can go wrong with wallpaper over the years. Your best bet is to use wallpaper to create smaller accent walls, rather than committing to a whole room.

5 ways to maximize space in your homes

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Not everybody can afford big houses, sometimes even people with big houses do not know how to manage their space. Thereby ending up with choked up apartments. We all seek the need for maximizing space to make our homes feel spacious and welcoming. These tips will help you take advantage of all the space you have available.

Get Rid of Stuff

The first step in creating more storage space in your home is to get rid of the things that you’re not using. The best way to maximize your space is to learn how to declutter. Regularly decluttering is a key step in maximizing storage spaces. The best way to declutter your home is to go room-by-room. And, if rooms are large, or complicated, you should start by breaking them up into zones. Work quickly and decides which items to toss and which to keep.

For the items you’re getting rid of, there are several good options other than just trashing them; consider donation or auction.

Use Furniture that Doubles as Storage Space

If you decide to purchase any extra furniture, make sure you buy furniture that comes with built in storage space. One example is an ottoman. There are a variety available that come with a hollow inside and a removable top. This allows you to fill it with other belongings! Another good example is a coffee table with built in shelves and wall cabinets.

Utilize Space Under the Bed

There’s plenty of storage space available under the bed! You can maximize this space and keep things organized by storing them in boxes or bags. This will also help protect your belongings from dust. Buying bed risers will boost the legs of the bed to give you a little more height. If you want to hide the items under the bed from view, consider adding a bed skirt.

Reduce the number of Furniture

No doubt they add beauty to our living rooms, but 95% of times not all of them are in use. You should consider letting some of them go to create more room.

Utilize Space Under Stairs

If you have a staircase is your home, you need to make good use of the space undeneath the stairs. Shelves and cabinets can be installed for storing books and other items. The space under the stairs can also be converted to a small home office.

5 Things to consider when creating the ideal, functional home office

By | Construction, Electricals, Facility Management, Furnitures, Carpentry & Interiors, Homes & Buildings, Maintenance & Cleaning, office, real estate, Renovation, Safety | No Comments

Whether your home office is a space for running a business, a study room, or simply a nook for paying bills and organizing your schedule, you deserve more than a wooden desk and extra chair stuffed into a spare corner. Here are some tips for creating a charming, practical work space.

1. Location, location, location

You’ll likely spend many hours in your home office, so don’t stiff yourself on space. For example, squishing a tiny desk into a windowless closet to preserve the rarely-used guest room. Also consider traffic flow and your ability to withstand distractions. When planning your office area, ensure that it affords a degree of privacy from surrounding activities.

2. Consider Your Budget

It can be fun to decorate a home office, but you don’t want to waste money on unneeded items. While you don’t want to sacrifice your comfort (i.e., you should buy a good chair), you do want to be frugal, at least in the beginning. Take inventory of your home and see what items you already have that can be moved to your home office. It includes your tech needs as well. Hold off on buying new computers, printers, and software unless you need it. If you need new furniture, check out your local thrift shops, which often have durable furniture for less than you can get make-yourself-particle board items at other stores.

3. Lighting

In foreign countries many people put their home office in a basement, which isn’t bad, but there are many benefits to natural lighting. If you have to be in a dark area without windows, get good quality lighting that not only lights the room but your work area as well. Light can help you avoid eye strain, and boost your mood.

4. Ergonomics

Your health, safety and welfare are critical. Therefore, the items you choose should be ergonomically designed to promote your health and well-being while using them. The chair is one of the most crucial items in your office. It needs to provide adequate support for your lower back, support your arms at the proper height, swivel and roll and  have a comfortable seat cushion with breathable fabric.

5. Keep Needed Resources Within Reach

While getting up and moving is a good thing health wise, it can interrupt your focus and workflow. Thereby slowing you down. For items that you use a lot, you’ll want to design your home office in a way that you can access them easily and quickly.

Common Renovation Mistakes New Homeowners make

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You put on your big boy or big girl shoes, scrutinized your financial status and bought a house. Hooray! Now comes the hard part: making it your own. Whether you opt for a full fledged renovation or just trying to redecorate, there’s a lot more to designing a property than you might think. There are a lot of common blunders that new homeowners make, so that you won’t follow in their footstep we’ve highlighted some for your digestion

Underestimating costs

Most jobs will cost more and take longer than you expect, so always add 20 percent to what you think a project will total when budgeting “If you don’t have the funds,” cautions Irving, “cut the job back. If you happen to beat these projections, then your surprises are happy ones.”

Expecting everything to go according to plan

Work on older buildings can yield a lot of unforeseen events. Who knows what’s behind that wall you’re opening up? New construction is more controlled, but that doesn’t always mean smooth sailing. Be prepared for the unexpected. “It’s a human failing,” says Irving. “We all hope and pray everything goes according to plan.” Trust us: Nothing will

Not asking enough questions

Ask lots of questions, “There’s no such thing as a dumb one, and besides, it’s your money you’re spending. You should know why and on what.”

Making too many changes along the way

Changes that seem simple to you may require a lot of work on the back end, so be sure you check with your designer or builder on even slight adjustments. “Even moving a light switch a few feet can cost a lot,

Not setting up a timeline

Work with your contractor to put together a list of items that need to be purchased and deadlines for making decisions. “The last thing you want is to feel under the gun to make an important fixture selection you’ll later regret,”

Compromising on quality

Spend good money on things you touch every day, “like door hardware, doors, faucets, appliances, kitchen cabinets. The tactile experience sends a daily reminder to you and your guests about the solidity and quality of your home.”

Trying to be your own general contractor

Aside from their experience with construction, materials, and sources, general contractors have something else to offer: accountability. You don’t have much sway over an electrician, Sub-contractors, however, have relationships with the G.C. The one that will be held accountable if they don’t get the job done right. Sometimes, it’ll work out, especially if your jobs are relatively small. But know that it can be a risk.

Things to consider before Embarking on a construction project

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There’s a strong temptation to dive right into construction projects. The sooner you start, the sooner you’ll be done,
right? Unfortunately, it doesn’t work that way if you haven’t done some essential planning up front. Each design
professional and contractor runs his or her business in a different way, but homeowners usually need to follow the same steps to get to the construction phase.

Here we have outlined some crucial steps to help you plan for a successful construction project, and the reasons they’re so important for any project

1. Identify the Type of Construction Project: Different projects have different procedures that need to be followed. It is precisely for this reason that you need to clearly highlight the kind of project you are dealing with in order for you to determine other essential requirements.

2. Getting necessary permits before starting a building project:The importance of getting approval from all necessary bodies can not be under estimated. A lot of projects have been stopped halfway because the owners didn’t get the necessary approval before embarking on the project. It is important to ensure you do not overlook this when planning your construction project.

3. Choose the Right Materials: You have to make a solid decision on the type of materials to use for your project. It is recommended that you choose to work with high quality materials regardless of the size of project. This is important for the simple reason that it ensures you don’t have to deal with repairs and other related costs in the near future.

4. Decide Whether or Not You Need a Contractor: A majority of people handling construction projects choose to work with contractors and for obvious reasons. For starters, contractors understand all the requirements that need to be followed in order to complete the project and their expertise tends to ensure faster work. What’s more, they can offer solid advice on how to go about the entire project. As such, be careful to make an informed decision on whether a contractor is a smart choice for you or not. However, before you hire a contractor, it is essential for you to ensure that they are reputable and they have what it takes to complete the project to perfection.

5. Budget: Whether you are dealing with a small or large project, it is essential for you to have a solid budget in place. This means calculating the cost of materials, the amount to be paid to contractors and any additional costs that might be incurred. It is essential to note that while working with a contractor, it is considerably easier for you to come up with a solid budget that matches up to the needs of project due to the experience they have in making estimates.

6. Set a Timeline: For the purpose of ensuring that the project is completed in time, it is essential for you to give
yourself a timeline. This will allow for you to decide on how long it will take to complete the project and reduces the
potential for unexpected delays. By knowing when the project can be completed, you help ensure that you stay within budget and also set limits for the contractors.

With proper planning, you are much more likely to start a construction project and have it successfully completed in time.